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Auteur Michael B. Steinberg
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Are social fears and DSM-IV social anxiety disorder associated with smoking and nicotine dependence in adolescents and young adults? / H. Sonntag (2000)
Titre : Are social fears and DSM-IV social anxiety disorder associated with smoking and nicotine dependence in adolescents and young adults? Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : H. Sonntag, Auteur ; H.U. Wittchen, Auteur ; M. Höfler, Auteur ; R. Kessler, Auteur ; Michael B. Steinberg, Auteur Editeur : Paris [France] : Elsevier Année de publication : 2000 Collection : European Psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338 num. 15 Importance : p.67-74 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [TABAC] chimie du tabac:constituant:alcaloïde:nicotine
[TABAC] sevrage tabagique:effet du sevrage:anxiété
[TABAC] tabagisme:dépendance tabagique:dépendance psychologique
Index. décimale : TA 4.2.1 Dépendance psychosociale Résumé : To investigate associations between social anxiety and smoking behaviour in order to explore whether social anxiety predicts the first onset of cigarette smoking, regular smoking and the development of nicotine dependence.
Baseline and four-year follow-up data from the Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP), a prospective-longitudinal community study of 3,021 adolescents and young adults, are used. Smoking behaviour and psychopathology were assessed with the M-CIDI and its DSM-IV algorithms. At baseline, 35.7% of the sample were regular smokers, and 18.7% fulfilled criteria for DSM-IV nicotine dependence. Twenty-seven point two percent reported at least one social fear, and 7.2% met criteria for DSM-IV social phobia, most of whom reported first onset of social fear problems clearly prior to smoking initiation. Cross-sectional retrospective baseline analyses based on retrospective reports revealed that social fears and DSM-IV social phobia were both significantly associated with higher rates of nicotine dependence. Prospective-longitudinal analyses that were conducted in an attempt to confirm cross-sectional retrospective results showed that baseline non-users with social fears (OR = 3.85) and baseline non-dependent users with social fears (OR = 1.5) had an increased risk of onset of nicotine dependence during the follow-up period of four years. These findings remained significant even when controlling for co-morbid depressive disorders. Social anxiety was found to be significantly associated with nicotine dependence in both cross-sectional retrospective and prospective-longitudinal analyses. It is suggested that social fears could lead to heavy tobacco use as smoking is a socially acceptable behaviour that relieves anxiety in social situations. Possible differential effects of social anxiety on the early stages of smoking behaviour compared to effects on nicotine dependence are discussed. These findings should stimulate a continued search into potentially causal links between social fear symptoms and the development of tobacco consumption and nicotine dependence in adolescence.
En ligne : https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0924933800002091 Permalink :
Aucun avis, veuillez vous identifier pour ajouter le vôtre !Midwives' knowledge, perceptions, beliefs, and practice supports regarding tobacco dependence treatment / Diane J. Abatemarco (2007)
Titre : Midwives' knowledge, perceptions, beliefs, and practice supports regarding tobacco dependence treatment Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : Diane J. Abatemarco, Auteur ; Michael B. Steinberg, Auteur ; Cristine D. Delnevo, Auteur Editeur : Paris [France] : Elsevier Année de publication : 2007 Collection : Journal of midwifery & women's health, ISSN 1526-9523 Importance : p. 451-457 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [DIVERS] géographie:Amérique:Amérique du Nord:Etats-Unis
[DIVERS] personne:par métier:professionnel de la santé:sage-femme
[DIVERS] personne:par sexe:femme:femme enceinte
[TABAC] sevrage tabagique:méthode de sevrage:méthode individuelle:approche psychologique:technique des 5 A
Index. décimale : TA 6.2.1 Simples conseils, avis Résumé : Clinical practice guidelines and evidence-based reviews confirm the efficacy of tobacco dependence treatment for pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to examine tobacco dependence treatment practices among certified nurse-midwives who treat pregnant women who smoke. Midwives were surveyed to determine knowledge, perceptions, and beliefs about tobacco cessation treatment and to identify practice environmental factors that support treatment practices. Half of all midwives had not heard of the US Public Health Service Guidelines (5 A's) to assist smokers in cessation treatment. We found varying levels of adherence to the clinical practice guidelines. Nearly all midwives routinely ask, advise, and assess; while fewer encourage patients to set a quit date or discuss medication options (assist) and perform follow-up activities (arrange). Barriers significantly associated with clinical tobacco treatment practice are lack of training and competing priorities in the visit. One-office support, a system in place to provide smoking cessation information and resources, was associated with increased practice. In summary, midwives believe they should be providing tobacco dependence treatment, yet they identify a need for training. The findings of this study also indicate that sustained practice change, which includes the entire practice environment, should be targeted to enhance tobacco dependence treatment. Permalink :
Code-barres Cote Support Localisation Section Disponibilité TA 005322 TA 6.2.1 ABA M Article/Périodique Bibliothèque FARES Tabac Consultation sur place
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