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Auteur JE Callinan
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Legislative smoking bans for reducing secondhand smoke exposure / JE Callinan (2010)
Titre : Legislative smoking bans for reducing secondhand smoke exposure : smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : JE Callinan, ; A Clarke, ; K Doherty, Année de publication : 2010 Importance : 128 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Index. décimale : TA 9.3.6 Protection des non-fumeurs Résumé : Background : Smoking bans have been implemented in a variety of settings, as well as being part of policy in many jurisdictions to protect the public and employees from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke (SHS). They also offer the potential to influence social norms
and smoking behaviour of those populations they affect.
Objectives : To assess the extent to which legislation-based smoking bans or restrictions reduce exposure to SHS, help people who smoke to reduce tobacco consumption or lower smoking prevalence and affect the health of those in areas which have a ban or restriction in place.
Search strategy : We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialised Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Conference Paper Index, and reference lists and bibliographies of included studies.We also checked websites of various organisations. Date of most recent search; July 1st 2009.
Selection criteria : We considered studies that reported legislative smoking bans and restrictions affecting populations. The minimum standard was having a ban explicitly in the study and a minimum of six months follow up for measures of smoking behaviour. We included randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies (i.e. non-randomized controlled studies), controlled before and after studies, interruptedtime series as defined by the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organization of Care Group, and uncontrolled pre- and post-ban data.
Data collection and analysis : Characteristics and content of the interventions, participants, outcomes and methods of the included studies were extracted by one author and checked by a second. Because of heterogeneity in the design and content of the studies, we did not attempt a meta-analysis. We evaluated the studies using qualitative narrative synthesis.
Code-barres Cote Support Localisation Section Disponibilité TA 002638 TA 9.3.6 CAL L Article/Périodique Bibliothèque principale Tabac Consultation sur place
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